New Hampshire’s MH Reform Efforts Show Difficulties

An article published in the online edition of NH tv station WCAX on April 18, 2017, summarized and quoted below shows the daunting hurdles that states around the country are typically facing when trying to confront mental health service services and to construct interim reasonable working solutions.

In his article, “How potential reform could impact ongoing mental health crisis in NH,” author Adam Sullivan adeptly and succinctly outlines many of the huge state legislative, implementation and funding issues that must be dealt with, seemingly all simultaneously in confronting mental health service delivery deficits that have, to put it simply, festering for decades nationwide, not just New Hampshire by any means.

First, like almost all, if not all states, NH has the shared problem of not nearly enough public or private inpatient high acuity beds. Second, this state with a small population and with a correspondingly small number of large major medical centers has few resources other than local smaller community emergency rooms to handle acutely psychotic, sometimes violent, patients. Often these good community hospitals have NO consultant psychiatrists, no hospitalist psychiatrists and no psychiatric units to transfers these patients to internally within the hospital after a prompt psychiatric/mental health evaluation.

On a rare personal, I am in my sixties and working in a state hospital because in the waning years of my career (although I truly wish and intend to work at least another 10 years), I receive an average of three snail mail brochures and glowing offers to work in community hospital ERS as a psychiatric hospitalist. And by email, I receive AT LEAST 2 to 6 a day! This ought to quickly make clear one of the problems; as one one psychiatrist recruiter who was also a personal social friend for other reasons, told me ominously and presciently almost 20 years ago, “there is no product.” Meaning the supply of psychiatrists and psychologists, even back then far outstripped the demand. And from the ever increasing headhunter inquiries I receive, it is not yet improving.

A very telling quote from the article is that of Mr. Ken Norton of the NH chapter of NAMI one of my two most respected advocacy organizations nationally for national mental health reform. Mr. Norton states the obvious which bears repeating, The challenge is multifaceted and some of it is longstanding.” The other is Dr. E. Fuller Torrey’s organization, “Treatment Advocacy Center,”

The author of this telling article states that “On any given day last month in New Hampshire, there were 44 adults and four kids being boarded in emergency rooms while they waited to receive care for mental illness. There is a lack of inpatient capacity. There is a lack of community resources, there is a lack of step down or step up receiving facility beds or partial hospital day-treatment programs.”

Mr. Norton is a well-informed writer as he addresses that very long term economic conditions nationwide that have crushed the budgeting at the states’ levels for maintaining past levels of both outpatient and inpatient public psychiatric care. “Norton says the recession of 2008, the stigma around mental health and inadequate insurance coverage have all contributed to the problem.”

Mr. Norton notes that “ultimately, the level of services, hospital involvement, the level of private inpatient psychiatric beds, some of the other step down things all just kind of went away.” I think this is an apt manner of describing of what happened nationally in national psychiatric public and private service care delivery. It ‘went away’ quietly because other than the national advocacy organizations who did not have the national clout that they have worked hard to earn nowadays, almost no one outside of the mental health world (I refuse to call it an ‘industry,’) was stirring a faint racket on national stage compared to the overwhelming economic crises we were undergoing.

But Mr. Norton raises another dilemma if I may take some liberty with his remarks and reframe them. In the last several years, mental health reform has indeed reached the highest level of concern and national awareness yet. But as he states truthfully, “he worries that health care reform in Washington could exacerbate the crisis if, for example, caps on mental health coverage are imposed.”

Norton updates lawmakers in Concord and the governor on a regular basis. He says the crisis in New Hampshire can be turned around but it will take time and money.

And there is the big key, the bugaboo that legislators nationwide do not want to talk about, REVENUE to pay for the reconstruction of local, and state mental health delivery systems. We still operate under the nationwide ethos of the supposed curse or mentioning “new revenue streams,” or the most dreaded work of all: “taxes.”

Unfortunately, none of the static funding shuffling from one local or state level service need to another is going to do the trick.

“We have been advocating for statewide mobile crisis response. When somebody is in crisis, a team comes to them which includes peer support. We have been advocating for increased reimbursement rates for services for the community mental health centers to address the workforce development issue. And we have been advocating for more beds,” said Norton.

Related Story:

Special Report: Emergency Rooms in Crisis


Author: Frank

I am a older child, adult, geriatric teaching psychiatrist with over 30 years' practice experience in North Carolina, first at Duke as clnical teaching faculty, then in Western NC as a primary child psychiatry specialist. I have taught and supervised child psychiatrists and psychiatrists in training and many other mental health professionals and taught at two medical schools. I have served in many public and private practice settings. My primary interest is in observing and documenting the ongoing mental health reform efforts in the State of North Carolina and documenting its sucessess and failures at all levels. My favorite pastime among many others is spoofing my friends and kids with my deadpan sense of humor.

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